Decentralized Wastewater Treatment in Southern Israel Public
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Constructed wetlands were introduced as a promising solution for the water scarcity problem in the Southern Arava. However, there have been questions about the success and popularity of the systems in the region. We evaluated whether using a small scale constructed wetland can be a reliable option for decentralized household wastewater treatment in Southern Israel. Our study was focused on household-scale systems and our results reflect that scale. We assessed a small-scale constructed wetland model at Kibbutz Lotan through theoretical water intake calculations, field observations, and qualitative testing. We discovered that constructed wetlands can offer wastewater treatment and water reuse and have a high level of maintenance and monitoring.
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