A comparative study on large multivariate volatility matrix modeling for high-frequency financial data Public
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Modeling and forecasting the volatilities of high-frequency data observed on the prices of financial assets are vibrant research areas in econometrics and statistics. However, most of the available methods are not directly applicable when the number of assets involved is large, due to the lack of accuracy in estimating high-dimensional matrices. This paper compared two methodologies of vast volatility matrix estimation for high-frequency data. One is to estimate the Average Realized Volatility Matrix and to regularize it by banding and thresholding. In this method, first we select grids as pre-sampling frequencies,construct a realized volatility matrix using previous tick method according to each pre-sampling frequency and then take the average of the constructed realized volatility matrices as the stage one estimator, which we call the ARVM estimator. Then we regularize the ARVM estimator to yield good consistent estimators of the large integrated volatility matrix. We consider two regularizations: thresholding and banding. The other is Dynamic Conditional Correlation(DCC) which can be estimated for two stage, where in the rst stage univariate GARCH models are estimated for each residual series, and in the second stage, the residuals are used to estimate the parameters of the dynamic correlation. Asymptotic theory for the two proposed methodologies shows that the estimator are consistent. In numerical studies, the proposed two methodologies are applied to simulated data set and real high-frequency prices from top 100 S&P 500 stocks according to the trading volume over a period of 3 months, 64 trading days in 2013. From the perfomances of estimators, the conclusion is that TARVM estimator performs better than DCC volatility matrix. And its largest eigenvalues are more stable than those of DCC model so that it is more approriable in eigen-based anaylsis.
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